Switzerland > The Current Curriculum Context for ICT Switzerland > The Current Curriculum Context for ICT

In Switzerland, compulsory education lasts nine years and covers primary through lower-secondary school. There is no binding national curriculum as school curricula are in the jurisdiction of the 26 cantonal ministries of education. The Cantons are currently in the process of harmonising the compulsory education sector and intend to expand it by adding a pre-school level. The Intercantonal Agreement on Harmonisation of Compulsory Education (HarmoS Agreement, as it is called), aims at guaranteeing a harmonisation of the quality of education in the cantons by way of defining a general framework for the specific competences to be achieved by pupils in certain subjects at certain stages in their career. The HarmoS Agreement was developed by the Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education (EDK/CDIP), the highest authority responsible for education and training matters at the intercantonal level1.

Grouped by linguistic region, the cantons are working together on common curricula. Since 2011, the Plan d’étude romand (PER)2 has been gradually introduced in five French and Italian speaking cantons. The corresponding curriculum for the 21 German speaking cantons of Switzerland is the Lehrplan213, which was published in June 2013. In 2014, it will be implemented according to the decisions of the ministries of education in the cantons.

As regards ICT, both the PER and the Lehrplan21 suggest integrating ICT in the subject “media integration”, which is part of the general education. Clearly, general educational objectives are organised primarily according to the level of education.

1. The EDK http://www.edk.ch/dyn/11553.php

2. Plateforme du Plan d’Études Romand (PER) http://www.plandetudes.ch

3. Projekt Lehrplan 21 http://www.lehrplan.ch