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Spain > Key Groups and Programmes Spain > Key Groups and Programmes

The Spanish administration is a highly decentralized system where each local community (Autonomous Community) administers its educational resources and legislates under the general umbrella of national law. All Autonomous Communities are fully responsible for the schools in their territory. This also includes the promotion of ICT in schools. The latest reform is the 'Ley Orgánica de Educación' (LOE), dating from 2006, which builds on the previous 1990 law in various ways. The LOE retains the system introduced by the previous law and tries to establish the legal framework for improving the quality of the system by addressing new challenges that face Spanish society. In particular, it addresses a more heterogeneous student population and more developed regional control in the Autonomous Communities, which, by 2000, had been given full responsibilities in education.

Since 2005, there have been several different types of action programmes for the integration of technology in schools across all regions. These sets of programmes represent a firm commitment to incorporate new technology in schools within each Autonomous Community, as opposed to implementing a comprehensive plan to coordinate the integration of new technologies in the Spanish educational system as a whole. The Institute of Educational Technology, the unit of the Ministry of Education responsible for the integration of ICT in non-university educational stages, has coordinated these various programmes. It also maintains some initiatives at a national level in collaboration with the Communities such as:

  • Proyecto Agrega: The construction of a national repository for digital resources;
  • Escuela 2.0: A nationwide ICT plan for schools launched in 2009 that builds on the developments already achieved in each region. It tries to generalize the access to hardware and digital content. All fifth-grade pupils are provided with a notebook, and their classrooms with IWB and wireless connections, while training is being implemented for teachers according to their level of competence.